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Keeping Goats

Goat, Animal, Horns, Mammals, Creature

 

Your goats need the majority of their diet to be natural roughage from shrubs, woody plants, hay, tree bark, and more. The roughage they eat will most likely not supply them with all of the nutrients they need to keep perfect health.

If you give your goats a diet that’s almost all grain they’ll develop kidney problems that can be fatal. They might also create a bloated stomach or become too fat. A goat has to have a balanced diet that contains between 75% and 80% of the dietary intake from natural roughage providing plants.

You might have discovered that a goat can eat anything, or that a goat will eat anything. This isn’t correct. Many organic plants can either make your animal very sick, or in some cases can cause premature death for the animal. Plants which will make your goats sick.

• Hemlock
• Wild cherry
• Azalea
• Black walnut
• Rhododendron
• Sheep laurel and Mountain Laurel
• Juniper
• Ponderosa Pine
• Yew
• Mesquite Pods

Keep plenty of fresh water available to your animals at all times. The quantity of water they’ll need will vary depending upon the moisture content in the food they’re eating. In the winter season if you live in an area that sees temperatures fall below freezing for long periods of time you will want to receive a submersible heater to put in the water container so the animal water doesn’t freeze solid.

Shelter is a must for your animals. They need a dry place where they can get in from the rain, and in which they could sleep without the dew falling on them. Their shelter should provide them a way t get out of the cold winds which blow in the winter, and provides them with security from natural predators.

Most goat owners put a thick layer of straw or hay inside their lands so their animals will have sufficient protection against the cold and dampness of the floor. You may put a wooden floor on your shield if you choose.

A large dog house is also a good shelter alternative to get a goat. The animal will go inside the structure and they will also climb on the construction. Many owners buy the little igloo dog houses and put them in their enclosure so their small creatures can go inside them.

You will have to learn how to trim the hooves of your goats. You can set concrete or stone blocks in the pen with the animal to help them naturally keep their hooves, but from time to time you want to insect their hooves and trim off excess.

Very good Fencing

You need to install fences that the creature can’t squeeze through and can’t lift to go under. Goats are famous for sticking their heads through the fence and frequently receiving their horns hung up in the fence.

You need strong fences with secure gates to contain these animals. They will often push against the fence like they are scratching their sides on the fence so having your fencing material properly secured to the fence-posts is quite important.

Signs Your Goat is Sick

No matter how good you look after your animals there will be times that they get sick. The best way to find out whether you have a sick animal is to look closely at their normal behaviors. Then when one of these animals begins to act differently from what they normally do you’ll be quick to notice the difference.

Some signs of illness in goats are:
• When they do not chew their cud
• When they refuse to get up
• When they are not eating like they generally do
• If their poop is liquid or solid instead of in pellets like it ought to be
• Walk and shout more than ordinary
• They stop drinking
• They begin to grind their teeth
• They have a limp
• They’re staggering
• Their udders are hot to the touch
• They are coughing
• Their eyelids or gums are ale in color
• They have a runny nose

They’ll help to maintain property clear of weeds and shrubs, and the young ones will bring a fair price when you sell them. Taking good care of the animals isn’t really tough to do, as well as the rewards outweigh any trouble the care gifts.

Taking care of your new animals will be among the most important things you do.

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Raising Turkeys

Turkey, Rooster, Farm, Feathers, Chicken

The turkey is a large bird, native to North America. The name turkey was initially applied to the guinea fowl which was presumed to have originated in Turkey. However, the American turkey is a quite distinct species from the guinea fowl, though the name remained. It had been known as a”peru” in the 18th century. Some common breeds of turkey are: Narragansett, Bronze, White Holland, and Bourbon Red.

There are 3 stages in Raising Turkeys: the breeder farm, the hatchery and the turkey farm. The breeder farm is the place where the fish lays the eggs. These eggs are collected and delivered to the hatchery. In the hatchery, the eggs are kept in special incubators after cleaning. These incubators provide the right temperature and humidity levels for allowing the eggs to hatch. Normally, turkey eggs require 28 days to hatch. The baby turkeys, also known as poults, are stored in the hatchery until they are moved to the turkey farms. From the fish, the fish turkeys and the tom turkeys are reared separately. The poults should be fed properly and watched attentively, at least until they shed their down feathers and get the outer feathers. For this, they are put in climate-controlled barns which have soft flooring covered with straw or wood chips. They are fed on a soft powdered mixture of soybean, corn and wheat. Other nutrients such as barley, milk powder, meat meal, lime rock, salt, vitamin premix, methionine, lysine and insoluble grit can also be added. Adequate water should also be supplied.

These days, many improvements have been made in the genetics of turkeys. This has helped to increase the size of the bird with lesser feed and in lesser time. The white broad-breasted turkey has been the most common commercially raised turkey breed, since the 1960s. There are also different strains of the white broad-breasted turkey which are reared in different parts of North America. Turkeys are bred specially to have more meat in the breast and thighs. White feathered turkeys are usually preferred, since they do not leave any ugly pigment stains when plucked.

Turkeys take around 4-5 months to grow to full size. Birds less than 8 weeks of age are referred to as young turkeys. The hen turkeys take 16 weeks to grow completely, and average around 8 to 16 pounds in weight. The tom turkey takes around 19 weeks and weighs anywhere between 16 and 24 lbs. Larger tom turkeys may weigh up to 40 pounds. These take a couple more weeks to grow. A breeder tom turkey can generate up to 1,500 poults at a hen’s six-month laying cycle.

Turkeys are given a balanced diet comprising mainly of soybean and corn. This is also supplemented with minerals and vitamins. A 30-pound tom turkey (man ) requires around 84 lbs of feed an average. The cost of the feed is usually 2/3 of the total cost. The use of hormones for Raising Turkeys is banned. Sometimes, antibiotics are also given to turkeys to prevent diseases and to increase feed efficiency. The amount of antibiotics to be given and the withdrawal period are determined by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) and the FSIS (Food Safety and Inspection Service). The turkey’s wellbeing is inspected by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) or other state systems, and it might also be rated for quality. Turkeys that have been on antibiotics are not allowed to be processed for sometime before the residue of the medication has cleared from the body. Turkey farms are usually comfortable, providing shelter from harsh weather, predators, and disease.